How to Create Non Nuclear / Non Missile Zone in Northeast Asia ― Reflection on the DPRK Launching of a Satellite Rocket

By Atsushi Fujioka

April 17, 2009


"A Dream you dream alone is only a dream,
A Dream you dream together is reality"

(YOKO ONO, the opening remarks of “Imagine Peace Tower”,
erected in Reykjavik, Iceland, October 2007)

On March 12, 2009, NK (North Korea) Government announced in advance that an experimental communication satellite is scheduled to be launched. Japanese Government criticized it, because it will be a disguised test of long range ballistic missile and ordered Japan Self Defense Force to intercept a NK’s “ missile” and destroy it, if it shall happen to drop in the Japanese territory. According to a Public Poll Survey conducted in the end of March, 77% of people approved it, while 13% did not.

On April 5, NK launched a rocket. Ruling parties made a statement, urging “ Japanese Government to take every measure for introducing more effective Ballistic Missile Defense system”. As you know, Japan as well as SK (South Korea) are the only two nations which have strongly supported MD even today. But I’d like to tell you: Don’t trust Missile Defense. It is like trusting a key to the henhouse to a wolf. Could we trust wolf for defending chickens? Only alternative I believe, is Missile Disarmament, not Missile Defense. For the agenda setting in our Conference to achieve that goal, I would like to propose 9 topics/questions as a material of further inquiry and dialogue.

  1. N.K. has been under war for more than 60 years
    In order to restore a true peace, Japan and N.K. must conclude Peace Treaty to declare formal end of World War Second, and U.S and N.K. must also conclude another Peace Treaty to declare formal end of Korean War as well.
     

  2. The East Sea (Japan Sea) is surrounded by more than 70 nuclear reactors
    These are the most dangerous targets, if war would occur. Compare nuclear situation of Czech Republic, Czech has only 6 reactors in Dukovary and Temelin.
     

  3. What is a long term strategic target of MD, proposed by Pentagon?
    People in eastern Europe has understood true target shall not be Iran, but Russia. How about eastern Asia? Where is MD Bases located in Korean Peninsula? In Japan. US Navy and Marine bases are shifting to Okinawa, the closest point to China. I think major target of MD will not be N.K., but China, Russia, and lastly the revolutionary idea of EAS (East Asia Summit) and its Constitution (TAC).
     

  4. Pursuit of MD will bring about unsafe and economic devastating world
    As you know, MD can’t achieve peace, but MD will be a stir-up to further military drive up to Heaven, I’d like to add one point. Driving up to Heaven would be an uphill battle. Offensive technology will be more reliable and much cheaper than defensive technology. If we cling to MD, the outcome would be economic devastation.
     

  5. Pay attention to Asia-Pacific Freeze Campaign
    The Asia-Pacific Freeze:A Call for a safer, greener future, is a campaign to freeze and then reduce the military spending of the United States, Japan, China, Russia, South Korea, and North Korea. These countries, which are participating in the Six Party Talks, account for more than 65% of global military spending. We urgently need to address the dangerous escalation in global military spending, which has increased 45% over the last decade.

    The campaign is coordinated by the Institute for Policy Studies on behalf of peace activists and scholars in the above countries. We want the issue of military spending included in the regional discussions, but we also think that the six governments won't act without public pressure. Then how can we mobilize people to request 6 party governments to put the military spending freeze as an important agenda of the next 6 party talk.
     

  6. Enlarge our perspective from Northeast Asia to East Asia, Learning to prevail marvelous achievements of ASEAN-TAC-EAS to Northeast Asia.
    What can Northeast Asia People learn from the achievement of ASEAN?

  1. Key contents of TAC (Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeastern Asia) is same as Section 1 of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution and a successor of Bandung Declaration of 1955.
     

  2. Souteastern Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone, signed in 1995, effected in 1998 by all member nations of ASEAN.
     

  3. ASEAN invited 3 major northeast Asian countries (China, Japan, SK) , creating APT (ASEAN plus three), the historical back bone of APT rooted in the struggle against White Imperialistic Power. Later APT renamed to East Asia Summit (EAS) after permitting another 3 countries( India, Australia and New Zealand) to join. The first EAS was held in December 2005 (Malaysia), second EAS in January 2007 (Philippines) and the third EAS in November 2007 (Singapore). The fourth EAS is scheduled to be held from April 12 2009 in Thailand.
     

  4. No foreign military base principle, which ASEAN declared in 2007
    Among 16 member nations joining EAS, only 3 nations - Japan, SK, Australia doesn’t keep “No foreign military base” principle.

  1. What should we demand from the Nuclear/Space faring nations, especially US?

  1. Comprehensive ban of all nuclear weapons

  2. Unconditional ban of all preemptive/preventive attack

  3. Comprehensive ban of development and allocation of space weapon, as well as nuclear energy in space

  4. Clarify the definition of “space weapon” and “semi-space weapon”

  • complete ban of active weapons loaded in space vehicles, including satellite, spaceship and space plane

  • complete ban of Anti-space vehicle weapons in any kind.

  • regulation of semi-space weapon, which play crucial role to actualize “Space Based Network Centric Warfare” System

  1. We should demand all EAS nations or at least 13 member nations of APT, which share common struggle against white imperial power, to make a Intermediate Missile Ban Treaty under the TAC=EAS mechanism, linked to 6 party talk.
    Prof. Akira Kurozaki of Rikkyo University has written his draft of the Northeastern Asia Intermediate Missile Ban Treaty. He proposed 3 stages - first stage will be ban of intermediate missile (more than 300 km of flying distance). Second stage will be ban of short distance missile (180km - 300km). We can learn a lot from the lessons of European Peace Movement which could actualize INF( Intermediate Nuclear Force) Treaty of 1987.
     

  2. How about to hold the “East Asia Social Forum” to demonstrate people’s demands to EAS leaders in the same venue/same time of EAS?

Resources

Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia
Indonesia, 24 February 1976


CHAPTER I : PURPOSE AND PRINCIPLES


Article 1
The purpose of this Treaty is to promote perpetual peace, everlasting amity and cooperation among their peoples which would contribute to their strength, solidarity and closer relationship,

Article 2
In their relations with one another, the High Contracting Parties shall be guided by the following fundamental principles :

  1. Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity and national identity of all nations;

  2. The right of every State to lead its national existence free from external interference, subversion or coercion;

  3. Non-interference in the internal affairs of one another;

  4. Settlement of differences or disputes by peaceful means;

  5. Renunciation of the threat or use of force;

  6. Effective cooperation among themselves.


CHAPTER IV : PACIFIC SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES


Article 13
The High Contracting Parties shall have the determination and good faith to prevent disputes from arising. In case disputes on matters directly affecting them should arise, especially disputes likely to disturb regional peace and harmony, they shall refrain from the threat or use of force and shall at all times settle such disputes among themselves through friendly negotiations.

Article 14
To settle disputes through regional processes, the High Contracting Parties shall constitute, as a continuing body, a High Council comprising a Representative at ministerial level from each of the High Contracting Parties to take cognizance of the existence of disputes or situations likely to disturb regional peace and harmony.

Article 15
In the event no solution is reached through direct negotiations, the High Council shall take cognizance of the dispute or the situation and shall recommend to the parties in dispute appropriate means of settlement such as good offices, mediation, inquiry or conciliation. The High Council may however offer its good offices, or upon agreement of the parties in dispute, constitute itself into a committee of mediation, inquiry or conciliation. When deemed necessary, the High Council shall recommend appropriate measures for the prevention of a deterioration of the dispute or the situation.

Article 16
The foregoing provision of this Chapter shall not apply to a dispute unless all the parties to the dispute agree to their application to that dispute. However, this shall not preclude the other High Contracting Parties not party to the dispute from offering all possible assistance to settle the said dispute. Parties to the dispute should be well disposed towards such offers of assistance.
 



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