16 June 2011
An air exclusion zone for unmanned aircraft over parts of mid Wales is being extended and made permanent.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) will extend the current seven mile (11km) zone inland from the testing base at Aberporth, Ceredigion, to 46 miles (74km), reaching the Brecon Beacons.
Business Minister Edwina Hart said it was a significant step forward in support an emerging technology sector.
But CND Cymru said many people were "deeply concerned" about the work.
The Welsh Government held a public consultation process in 2009 over plans to increase the area over which unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) could fly.
The new zone will enable officials to train operators and demonstrate the drones to customers.
The CAA said the decision to make the zone permanent, from 28 July, marked a "significant step forward" for unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) within UK airspace.
The new corridor, inland from West Wales Airport at Aberporth to Epynt, near Brecon, covers an area of nearly 500 square miles (1,295 sq km), and UAVs will be able to operate between 10,000ft (3,040m) and 22,000ft (6,700m).
Defence contractor QinetiQ said unmanned aircraft had a variety of uses from humanitarian aid projects to detecting storms and observing forest fires, in addition to their military use.
The Welsh Government's Business Minister Edwina Hart described the announcement as a significant step forward in support of the ongoing development of an emerging technology sector.
"The ability to have dedicated airspace and facilities available in the UK is seen as key to ensuring that Wales and the UK are at the forefront of this new and growing sector," Ms Hart said.
"It provides Wales with a unique proposition to attract companies working in this sector and also has the potential to raise the profile of Wales in international markets.
"Our ultimate aim is to create sustainable employment opportunities in the region."
Ray Mann, managing director of the West Wales Airport in Aberporth, said the new airspace would only be activated when unmanned flying was scheduled, and would be subject to "stringent safety requirements, regulated by both the CAA and the Military Aviation Authority".
He added: "The CAA announcement to allow this specialised airspace is now the strongest recognition that west Wales is the focal point for unmanned aerial systems development in the UK.
"The airspace adds significantly to the many specialised assets that already exist at the airport and gives Britain further opportunity to benefit from a market that is forecast to be worth £60bn annually by 2020."
However, Jill Gough, national secretary of CND Cymru, said the organisation was concerned about the military use of UAVs and their association with Wales.
She added: "We are disappointed but not surprised by our Welsh Government.
"Life on the planet is already damaged by human activity. People are suffering from resource depletion, pollution and disease and poverty, as a result of violence and greed.
"We hoped that Wales would be part of the solution, not, as such projects as these do, make us part of the problem."
Drone Zone Rubber Stamped
CND Cymru were very disappointed to learn today’s news that, under sponsorship from the Welsh Government, the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has, for the first time over Britain designated air space around Aberporth for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) or ‘drone’ flights. This follows a short public ‘consultation’ in summer 2009, across the affected areas of Wales.
The permanent segregated airspace around Parc Aberporth will permit frequent testing of unmanned aircraft across Carmarthenshire, Ceredigion, Powys and part of North Pembrokeshire with flights between Aberporth and military training ranges on Mynydd Epynt.
The only company now renting a business unit on the especially constructed Parc Aberporth is now Qinetiq who are testing an Israeli designed ‘Watchkeeper’ (formerly ‘Hermes’ drone owned by the MoD for use with spying and targeting over Afghanistan and other war zones. The Parc itself has cost the taxpayer at least £21 million. Another drone company Italian ‘Selex’ has recently pulled out of the site citing economic reasons.
Research into UAVs and UCAVs (Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle) is mainly funded by the military. Arms companies see drone technology as an ideal way forward for them to increase their profits in the growing area of ‘remote killing’ technology.
Many individuals and groups in Wales and Britain are deeply concerned about the use of Aberporth for developing these killing and spying machines. They see this as another sign of the increasing militarisation of Wales. Some are concerned that these drones which will mainly be invisible to those further away from the airfield will be testing their spying equipment on the people and communities, thus infringing our privacy.
The use of unmanned drones as weapons of war in conflicts around the world has been called into question by one of Britain’s most senior judges. Lord Bingham, a former senior Law Lord, said that some weapons were so ‘cruel as to be beyond the pale of human tolerance’.
Jill Gough, National Secretary of CND Cymru said:
‘We are disappointed but not surprised by our Welsh Government. They should be supporting local businesses, not giving public money to multi-national companies to produce killing machines, not in rural Wales or anywhere. The only surpise is that it has taken them so long to make the announcement.'
‘Shame on our country. Life on the planet is already damaged by human activity; people are suffering from resource depletion, pollution and disease and poverty - as a result of violence and greed. We hoped that Wales would be part of the solution, not, as such projects as these do, make us part of the problem.’
‘There will be more of the sort of situations we are seeing in Israel and Palestine, in Libya, Afghanistan and the rest - more conflict and further suffering unless we stop fuelling the arms trade - which itself fuels wars. We say ‘No’ to the militarisation of Wales.’
The fly zone can be seen here:
Cyfiawnder a Heddwch Bro Emlyn for Peace and Justice: www.bepj.org.uk