February 2004
Highlights of the FY'05 Pentagon Budget RequestCenter for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation

The administration of President George W. Bush is requesting $420.7 billion for the military in fiscal year 2005 ($401.7 billion for the Defense Department and $19.0 billion for the nuclear weapons functions of the Department of Energy). This is an increase of 7.9 percent above current levels.

In all, the administration plans to spend $2.2 TRILLION on the military over the next five years - and this as the Congressional Budget Office project a federal deficit of $477 billion this year.


“Top Line” Funding – Unlike past years, this year's DoD request does not list the funding request for the nuclear weapons functions of the Department of Energy (Function 053), nor does it include the total for National Defense (Function 050). The FY’04 total for National Defense is $401.3 billion, which includes roughly $17.3 billion for DoE. The estimated total National Defense “Top Line” request (Function 050) for FY'05 is $420.7 billion in Budget Authority, including $19.0 billion for DoE – a 7.9 percent increase over FY’04.

Funding for Contingency Operations (Supplemental Appropriations) – The request contains no funding for ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, or for the Defense Department’s participation on the global war on terrorism. Pentagon officials state that the Defense Department “cannot yet determine the scope of these operations nor their incremental costs” and therefore has not budgeted for them. They also indicate that they will not request a supplemental funding appropriation in calendar year 2004. Clearly, however, such a request will be necessary to fund these operations in FY’05. The FY’04 supplemental appropriation for combat operations is $64.7 billion.

Missile Defense – The ballistic missile defense program receives more funding than any other weapon system in the annual Pentagon budget. The FY’05 request contains roughly $9.1 billion for the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), up from the current $7.6 billion. This does not include totals for programs funded outside the MDA, such as the Army’s Patriot PAC-3. Nor does it include funding for the SBIRS-High satellite program. In all, the Pentagon is requesting a total of $10.7 billion for ballistic missile defenseS.

Shipbuilding – The budget provides $11.1 billion to support procurement of nine ships in FY’05, up from seven in FY’04. These include one “Virginia” class nuclear attack submarine ($2.6 billion), three “Arleigh Burke” Aegis class destroyers ($3.6 billion), and one DD(X) new surface combatant ($1.5 billion).

Aircraft – The request includes funding for 24 F/A-22 fighters for the Air Force ($4.7 billion), 42 of the Navy’s F/A-18E/F fighter ($3.1 billion), and $4.6 billion for continued development of the Joint Strike Fighter. It also includes $1.8 billion for continued development and procurement of 11 of the Marine Corps/Navy V-22 “Osprey” tilt-rotor.

Personnel – The request contains a 3.5 percent military base pay raise. It also completes the elimination of average out-of-pocked housing expenses for military personnel living in private housing.

Federal Budget Deficit – The Pentagon request is arriving on Capitol Hill at a time when the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that the federal budget deficit will reach $477 billion this year. CBO projects a $362 billion deficit for FY’05.



The FY'05 Pentagon "Top Line" Request
Annual Pentagon funding by fiscal year for FY'04-'09, as well as breakdowns of the FY'05 request by spending function and service.

The FY'05 Request for Selected Weapons Systems
Provides funding requests, per unit costs and total program costs for the Pentagon's major weapons programs.

The FY'05 Request for Ballistic Missile Defense
A breakdown of the FY'05 spending request for the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) and other missile defense programs.

The FY'05 Request for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
Funding requests for Predator, Global Hawk, Shadow, and other Pentagon UAV programs.

FY'05 Discretionary Spending Request
A comparison of the defense share of the annual discretionary budget to all other programs.

U.S. Military Spending vs. The World
Compares the U.S. defense budget to other nations.


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